Prosigna® Breast Cancer Prognostic Gene Signature Assay

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Prosigna® Breast Cancer Prognostic Gene Signature Assay

The Prosigna® breast cancer prognostic assay is an FDA 510(k)-cleared assay that provides a risk category and numerical score to assess a patient's risk of distant recurrence of disease at 10 years in postmenopausal women with node-negative (Stage I or II) or node-positive (Stage II), hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer. The Prosigna® assay measures gene expression levels of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast tumor tissue previously diagnosed as invasive breast carcinoma.The assay is not intended for patients with 4 or more positive nodes.

Methodology

The Prosigna® assay simultaneously measures expression levels of 50 genes used in the PAM50 classification algorithm, eight housekeeping genes used for signal normalization, six positive controls, and eight negative controls in a single hybridization reaction, using nucleic acid probes designed specifically for those genes.

Turnaround Time

10 days

CPT

[MAAA: 0008M]  or 88381

Disease

Breast Cancer

Specimen

Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block or slides. Fixative should be neutral buffered formalin.

Volume

As many as six unstained slides (see table below) at 10 μM and one matching H&E-stained slideor formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue block. The tumor cellularity percentage within the circled tumor area on the H&E-stained slide must be ≥10%. The circled tumor surface area on the H&E-stained slide must be ≥4mm².

 

Measured Tumor Surface Area 

on H&E-stained Slide (mm²)

Number of

Unstained Slides

4-19 6
20-99 3
≥100 1

 

Container

Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks or slides

Collection

Submit at room temperature. Indicate date and time of collection on the test request form. Fixative should be neutral buffered formalin.

Special Instructions

The gross size of the patient's primary tumor and nodal status are required to perform the assay. A copy of the original pathology report is required for testing. If a pathology report is not received with the sample, testing will be delayed. Please direct any questions regarding this test to customer service at 800-345-4363. Note the following:

  1. The Prosigna® assay is not intended for patients with four or more positive nodes.
  2. Micrometastases were not considered node-positive during the Prosigna® validation, so they should be considered as negative nodes.
  3. Only invasive breast carcinoma is qualified for the Prosigna® assay. DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ) is not qualified for the Prosigna® assay.
  4. The Prosigna® assay is intended for use only on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast cancer tissue specimens from surgical resections. It is not intended for use on needle biopsy samples or fresh, frozen, or nonbreast cancer tissue.
  5. Multifocal breast tumors should not be combined. Each should be considered an independent tumor.

Causes for Rejection

Tumor block containing insufficient tumor; broken or stained slides

Storage Instructions

Maintain specimen at room temperature.

Use Statement

The Prosigna® breast cancer prognostic assay is an FDA 510(k)-cleared assay that provides a risk category and numerical score to assess a patient's risk of distant recurrence of disease at 10 years in postmenopausal women with node-negative (Stage I or II) or node-positive (Stage II), hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer. The Prosigna® assay measures gene expression levels of RNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast tumor tissue previously diagnosed as invasive breast carcinoma.

Limitations

Prosigna® is not intended for diagnosis, to predict or detect response to therapy, or to help select the optimal therapy for patients. Performance characteristics of the Prosigna® assay have been established for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early stage breast cancer treated with five years of adjuvant endocrine therapy. Performance with other treatment regimens or in other patient populations has not been established. The interpretation of Prosigna® assay results (Prosigna® Score, risk category) should be evaluated within the context of other clinicopathological factors, the patient's medical history, and any other laboratory test results.

References

Gnant M, Filipits M, Dubsky P, et al. Predicting risk for late metastasis: The PAM50 risk of recurrence (ROR) score after 5 years of endocrine therapy in postmenopausal women with HR+ early breast cancer: A study on 1,478 patients for the ABCSG-8 trial. Ann Oncol. 2013; 24(Suppl 3): iii29-iii37.

Parker JS, Mullins M, Cheang MCU, et al. Supervised risk predictor of breast cancer based on intrinsic subtypes. J Clin Onc. 2009 Mar 10; 27(8):1160-1167. PubMed 19204204

Prosigna Breast Cancer Prognostic Gene Signature Assay [package insert]. v04, 2015-01. REF LBL-C0223-04.

CPT Codes

The CPT codes included in this publication are in accordance with Current Procedural Terminology, a publication of the American Medical Association. CPT codes are provided here for the convenience of our clients; however, correct coding often varies from one carrier to another, and LabCorp may bill specific carriers using codes other than those shown. Clients who bill for services should verify the code(s) with the applicable payor to confirm that their use is appropriate in each case.

Profile Policy

LabCorp's policy is to provide physicians, in each instance, with the flexibility to choose appropriate tests to assure that the convenience of ordering test combinations/profiles does not prevent physicians who wish to order a test combination/profile from making deliberate informed decisions regarding which tests are medically necessary. All the tests offered in test combinations/profiles may be ordered individually using the LabCorp test request form.

Please remember that (1) when ordering tests for which Medicare or Medicaid reimbursement is sought, the physician should only order those tests that the physician believes are medically necessary for each patient, (2) that using a customized profile may result in ordering tests for which Medicare or Medicaid will deny payment, (3) that the physician should only order individual tests or a less inclusive profile where not all the tests in the customized test combination/profile are medically necessary for an individual patient, and (4) that the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, takes the position that a physician who orders medically unnecessary tests may be subject to civil penalties.

LabCorp encourages clients to contact their local LabCorp representative or LabCorp location if the testing configurations shown here do not meet individual needs for any reason, or if some other combination of procedures is desired.

Investigational Procedures

Some of the individual tests and profile test components listed in this Directory may be considered by Medicare or other insurance carriers as investigational procedures, and therefore, the test may not be payable by the carrier as a covered benefit for the patient. Medicare patients must be informed of this possibility when the physician orders tests that may fall into this category. Affected patients must be asked to sign an Advance Beneficiary Notice, agreeing to be financially responsible if the service is denied by the carrier. Additionally, for other insurance plans, physicians should inform the patient that the service(s) may not be covered by their private insurance plan and, if so, they will be financially responsible for payment. If the patient declines to accept financial responsibility, please do not order the test(s).

As with all clinical assays, results of these tests should be used only in conjunction with other medically established diagnostic elements (eg, symptoms, history, clinical impressions, results from other tests, etc). Physicians should use all the information available to them to diagnose and determine appropriate treatment for their patients. In order to obtain a current list of the procedures that may be considered investigational by Medicare or other insurance carriers, please contact your local LabCorp representative.